Treatment with any substance other than food used to prevent, diagnose, treat, or relieve symptoms of an abnormal disease or condition. Drug therapy involves the administration of drugs to treat or prevent diseases. It is used to treat a variety of diseases and illnesses ranging from psychiatric illnesses to cancer treatment. The term drug therapy refers to treatment with medications.
Drug therapy has a solid foundation for the treatment of substance use disorders, and the specific type of medication used will depend on the problem being addressed. There are certain medications that are given to reduce drug cravings (for example, drug therapy is an elegant term for the treatment of a disease and, by extension, its signs and symptoms, with medication (drugs). However, it is not as elegant as saying pharmacotherapy, which is a synonymous term. Medications and devices may be used to control withdrawal symptoms, prevent relapse, and treat co-occurring conditions.
Patients can use medications to help restore normal brain function and decrease cravings. Medicines are available for the treatment of opioid addiction (heroin, prescription pain relievers), tobacco (nicotine) and alcohol. Scientists are developing other drugs to treat addiction to stimulants (cocaine, methamphetamine) and cannabis (marijuana). People who take more than one medication, which is very common, need treatment for all substances they use.
Cancer cells may grow too fast or don't die quickly. Drug therapy may accelerate the death of cancer cells. Sometimes, cancer cells may be resistant to drugs that were initially used or may become resistant to drugs after a period of time. As the name suggests, mixed agonist-antagonists have a dual action; both stimulate neurotransmitter receptors in the brain and, at the same time, block the activation of neurotransmitter receptors by a specific drug or classes of drugs.
Treatments for prescription drug abuse tend to be similar to those for illicit drugs that affect the same brain system. In the treatment of addiction, medications are used to reduce the intensity of withdrawal symptoms, reduce cravings for alcohol and other drugs, and reduce the likelihood of use or relapse of specific drugs by blocking their effect. Drug abuse changes brain function and many things can trigger the desire to use drugs in the brain. Pharmacological stimulating and blocking actions are non-permanent effects that only occur when the drug is taken and activated in the body.
“In more general terms, the term “" drug therapy "” can also be used to refer to drugs that are used to prevent or diagnose any abnormal condition.”. In the last decade alone, new drugs and new uses of existing drugs have significantly improved cure or remission rates for patients of all ages. However, many conventional and investigational drug therapies combine drugs that target cancer cells at different points in their growth cycles. Drug addiction is a chronic disease characterized by compulsive or uncontrollable search and use of drugs despite harmful consequences and changes in the brain, which can be long-lasting.
The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) classifies drugs, substances, and certain chemicals used to manufacture them into five distinct categories or programs, depending on the acceptable medical use of a drug and the potential for misuse of a drug. Scientific research since the mid-1970s shows that drug abuse treatment can help many drug offenders change their attitudes, beliefs and behaviors toward drug abuse; avoid relapses; and successfully exit a life of substance abuse and crime. .
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