Detoxification is usually the first step of treatment. This involves removing a substance from the body and limiting withdrawal reactions. Usually, the first step is to purge the body of drugs and control withdrawal symptoms. Prochaska, DiClemente and Norcross created the stages of change or the transtheoretical model in 1983 to help people quit smoking.
It was then updated in 1992, when it began to be used in clinical settings for a variety of behaviors. When studying various mental health and substance use disorder treatment plans, Prochaska, DiClemente, and Norcross observed patterns that occur as people progress through major behavior change. Someone can stay at this stage due to lack of information about addictive behaviors. Another reason we see people getting stuck in the precontemplation stage is disappointment with multiple failed attempts at recovery and treatment options.
Most people in precontemplation feel that recovery is simply not possible for them. The truth is that anyone can recover from any stage. Aftercare helps you stay on track and keep practicing what you learned while you were in rehab. Whether it's individual therapy, support groups, 12-step meetings, or an outpatient treatment program, we recommend staying in some form of aftercare for at least one to two years after completing a rehabilitation program.
During this stage of treatment, a person's history of alcohol and drug use will be taken, the treatment program will be introduced, and the counselor will work with the person to develop an individualized treatment plan. Medicines are available for the treatment of opioid addiction (heroin, prescription pain relievers), tobacco (nicotine) and alcohol. Whether you have a problem with illegal or prescription drugs, addiction treatment should be personalized to your particular situation. Outpatient treatment: Not an in-patient treatment program, these outpatient programs can be scheduled at work or school.
There are several treatment options available, and most people who experience addiction will receive a combination of approaches. The type of substance involved and the severity of the addiction will dictate the course of treatment. People participating in treatment programs should also be tested for infectious diseases that could have been the result of certain high-risk situations associated with their addictive disorders, such as HIV, hepatitis and tuberculosis. Sober Living Communities: Living in a sober home usually follows an intensive treatment program, such as residential treatment.
Each stage clearly describes the process of recognizing and admitting the problem, preparing for addiction treatment, and coping with life after treatment of alcohol and drug abuse. Late-stage treatment spends less time on substance abuse per se and focuses on identifying the benefits of treatment that should be maintained and the risks that persist. Residential treatment centers can use a variety of therapeutic approaches and are usually aimed at helping the patient live a drug-free and crime-free lifestyle after treatment. Long-term treatment programs for addictive and substance-related disorders can be very effective and generally focus on remaining drug-free and resuming role within social, professional and family responsibilities.
Although there is no cure for drug addiction, the treatment options below can help you overcome an addiction and stay drug-free. Step-by-Step Guides for Finding Treatment for Drug Use Disorders (PDF): Guides for Adults, Teens, or People Helping Someone Addicted to Drugs. The doctor will also treat or refer for treatment any physical complications that have developed, such as liver disease in a person with alcohol use disorder or breathing problems in people who are addicted to substances who have smoked. These changes are vital, as interventions that work well early in treatment may be ineffective, or even harmful, if applied in the same way later in treatment (Flores 200.